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How To Install Samba On Linux (Ubuntu 16.04 and CentOS 7).

Apurva ChodnekarApurva Chodnekar

Contents Of This Tutorial:

  1. Introduction
  2. How To Install Samba On Ubuntu 16.04
  3. How To Install Samba On CentOS 7
  4. Conclusion

Introduction

What is Samba?

Server Message Block (SMB) is a protocol used between a microsoft cleint and a microsoft server.

When the client requires access to the shared resources of the server it sends out an smb request and server replies with an smb acknowledgement.

Linux operating system does not support smb.

That right there is why Samba was necessary and was developed for sharing resources with Linux.

Windows and Unix/Linux systems have been working together for some time now. Their collaboration is peaceful at it's best.

Samba runs on Unix platform but it communicates with a windows client like a native.

It allows Linux systems to move in to windows network port without causing any issues. Windows users can access files and services without finding out that the services are being offered by a Unix/linux host.

How to configure samba server in linux step by step pdf?

Select the linux system you want to install Samba on and then start executing the commands and following the steps in that section.

Here, with both the tutorials you'll learn how to access linux shared folder from windows.

First we will check out the ubuntu 16.04 samba version tutorial.

How to install samba on Ubuntu 16.04:

Step 1: Start by installing samba package.

sudo apt install samba

It will then ask you whether you want to continue.

Do you want to continue? [Y/n]: Y

Enter Y. You will return to the installation and once that is done execute the following command.

Step 2: If you don't have a file ready to share. Then create one using the following command.

sudo mkdir /media/Storage

Step 3:

A] Next step is to edit the smb.conf file. You can start by opening the file in the vim editor with the following command.

sudo vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

Now find the following in the smb.conf file

workgroup=WORKGROUP

Note:

WORKGROUP is where you add your workgroup.

Once you find it replace it with your workgroup.

workgroup= WORKGROUP

B] Go to the part where you will find code similar what has been shown below and then add the following part right below it.

[Storage]
 	comment = Obsidian storage area
	path= /media/Storage
	browseable= yes
	read only = no
	guest ok = no
	create mask = 0755

Now just save the file and exit.

To do that press "ESC" then ":" and "wq".

sudo service smbd restart

Step 4: After that you can create a username and set a password to it.

sudo smbpasswd -a username

Output:

New SMB password:
Retype new SMB password:

Note: When creating password you have to mention your username. It's how you create a username here.

Replace the word "username" with your user id.

And remember to add or create a user beforehand or you will have to face the following error:

error -> Failed to add entry for user username.

That concludes the ubuntu 16.04 samba installation. You must have noticed that this ubuntu samba install tutorial was quick and short but the important thing to take away here is that it gets the job done.

Next up is "How to install samba on CentOS 7."

How To Install Samba On CentOS 7:

Before we begin let's get this out of the way, the drive that we are going to share is /mnt/XT/Pages.

You will learn samba server configuration in centos 7 step by step.

So, let's begin with this how to install samba centos tutorial.

Step 1: Install the samba package with following command.

You will be shown the download size and the size needed to install the package.

You will be asked Is this ok [y/N]: .

Enter "Y" and hit enter.

Step 2: This step works on bringing the system online.

systemctl enable smb

systemctl enable nmb

Step 3: Rename the file smb.conf as samba.conf.bak

This is the backup file. If something goes wrong during the installation or anytime. You have this backup to rollback on.

mv /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/samba.conf.bak

Step 4: Let's create another configuration file using the following command.

touch /etc/samba/smb.conf

Step 5: Once you have created the file, we need to edit it.

vi /etc/samba/smb.conf

After you open the file add the following content to it.

[global] 

workgroup = WORKGROUP
server string = Samba Server Version %v

security = user
passdb backend = tdbsam

[Pages]

path = /mnt/XT/Pages
valid users = priya
guest ok = no
writable = yes
browsable = yes

After you make the above changes, save the file and exit.

Note:

we are setting passdb backend to tdbsam as a direct response to the user requests. The ones that allows simple site

operation barring the overhead of the complexities of running OpenLDAP.

It's for the sites that have less than 250 users.If your site has more traffic that you should use OpenLDAP or active directory integration.

Priya is a valid user here.

Step 6: Restart smb.

systemctl restart smb

Step 7: When you try to access your share drive. It will ask you for credentials i.e. username and password.

We have mentioned the user "priya" in the configuration file.

So, now we will create a smbuser priya and assign a password to the user.

smbpasswd -a priya

Output:

New SMB password:
Retype new SMB password:

Step 8: Now go back and try to access your share drive. You can fill the username and password field to access the drive.It should all go well.

Note: If you still can't access it, you should check out the permissions with the following command.

sambalist-permission-check-2

Check the entry of the file you are sharing. The issue you are facing is because of nfsnobody.

To resolve that issue you will have to change the owner and then permissions.

chown -R root:root /mnt/XT/Pages

We are now going to set the permissions read, write, and execute for the user Priya.

setfacl -Rm priya:rwx /mnt/XT/Pages

Using getfacl you can find out the users that can access the files.

getfacl /mnt/XT/Pages

systemctl restart smb

If that doesn't work then execute the commands below.

getenforce

chcon -t samba_share_t /mnt/XT/Pages

systemctl restart smb

Step 9. That's it. You could access other files or directories by editing the smb configuration file.

vi /etc/samba/smb.conf

When the file open you can make the following changes.

[global] 

	workgroup = WORKGROUP_NAME
	server string = Samba Server Version %v


	security = user
	passdb backend = tdbsam

[Pages]
path = /mnt/XT/Pages
valid users = priya, tom
guest ok = no
writable = yes
browsable = yes

As you can see we can add more users. Just separate the previous user by a command leave a space and then type the name of the user.

Conclusion:

To know about samba you can refer ubuntu samba gui.

It is the official document that belongs to samba.org.

Refer How To Install Vsftpd On Ubuntu Server 16.04 (For A User Directory) to learn more about file tranfer.

Be it Vsftpd for file transfer or Samba for sharing drive the end goal of both is get you maximum security while these transmissions take place.

Learn how to Harden Ubuntu security for 16.04 server with this Complete Guide.

I am an avid book reader, who enjoys technology as well as writing.

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